Tag: Language


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Il Linguaggio Umano

Aspetti Evolutivi, fisiologici e patologici Il linguaggio umano ha alla base tre peculiari processi evolutivi. Primo: tutte le innovazioni devono manifestarsi nell’ambito di specie precedenti. Secondo: molte novità nascono in un contesto prima di essere cooptate in un contesto differente. Per esempio, specie di ominidi arboricoli avrebbero avuto caratteristiche vocali quasi moderne già centinaia di migliaia di anni prima di quando abbiano potuto impiegare un...

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Mirror Neuron Hypothesis of Autism

Marco Iacoboni, M.D., Ph.D. discusses the mirror neuron hypothesis of autism which suggests that reduced mirror neuron activity may be a central feature of autism. Mirror neurons are cells concerned with motor behavior and are considered neural precursors of neural systems concerned with language and social interactions. Series: M.I.N.D. Institute Lecture Series on Neurodevelopmental Disorders [6/2008] [Health and Medicine] [Show ID: 14663] httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BerfK4Z_R18


Audio-Mental System, Musical Intervals, Emotions and Meanings

Audio-Mental System, Musical Intervals, Emotions and Meanings

The Theories Of Alain Danielou And Their Employment In Music-Therapy Philosophers and musicians since the most remote times have wondered if 1) the music can express emotions, cause in the listener feelings and well defined states of mind or if 2) it consists in a practice which seeks only the pleasure and in a simple manipulation of sounds; the secular debate among the promoters of...

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Musica e lateralizzazione emisferica

L’elaborazione del linguaggio, quindi tutto ciò che concerne sia la codificazione che la decodificazione delle parole (scritte e parlate), avviene all’interno dell’emisfero sinistro del nostro cervello. Per quello che invece concerne l’elaborazione neuronale della musica, l’ipotesi che sia da addebitarsi alla codificazione e decodificazione dell’emisfero destro, è ancora argomento di discussione teorica. Al fine di indagare ulteriormente la questione, Sparing R., Meister I.G., Wienemann M.,...

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Didattica delle Lingue, Psicologia e Neuroscienze

Sono Mondi Paralleli? La glottodidattica si definisce come la scienza dell’educazione linguistica, una disciplina cioè che si interessa di tutte le questioni teoriche ed operative legate all’insegnamento della lingua, sia essa lingua madre, lingua straniera, lingua etnica o lingua classica. L’obiettivo primario della glottodidattica consiste nell’elaborazione di approcci, metodologie e tecniche didattiche che creino le condizioni migliori per l’apprendimento. Qual è dunque il ruolo della...

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Multitherapy in the treatment of mental patients

In order to increase the possibility of obtaining positive results during the treatment of mental patients, in modern psychotherapy have been recently introduced the so-called “active” methods, which make use of the body language and of a therapeutic control based not only on words, but especially on facts. Once proved the effectiveness of these methods, to the psychopharmacological therapy have then been added other therapies...

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Music and non ordinary states of conscience

The usual change of conscience is a present experience in the 90% of human societies (Bourguignon, 1986) and can be considered part of psychological heritage and the main need of that “ceremonial animal” that is the man (Wittegenstein,1975). Conscience From the second half of the last century, in-depth anthropological and historical-religious studies, on the “ecstatic” techniques and religions, have focused on the rare relation between...

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Voice Spectrographic Analysis in depressed and schizophrenic patients

Introduction Prosody is a characteristic part of speech that includes intonation, tone destribution and rhythm. It carries the emotional aspect of the speech in non verbal way: among other things, it plays a fundamental role in the early months of life for language acquisition and, afterwards, it supports the memorization from the listener. Several studies, carried out before on cerebral damaged patients for cerebro-vascular incidents...

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Diagnostic and Therapeutic Updatings

Notes about Music Therapy The term music therapy is conventionally used to indicate specific surveys and possible actions on human suffering. It is possible to state that the essence of music therapy is the positive influence it can have on psyche through the evocation of pleasant, positive memories. It acts directly on the neuro-vegetative system (hypothalamus, hypophysis, suprarenal glands) to produce those substances (neurotransmitters, well...

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